3. About Baku

Baku, the largest city in the Caucasus and capital of Azerbaijan, sits on the shores of the Caspian Sea, at the crossroads of continents and civilisations. A commercial, political and cultural bridge between east and west, north and south where people have been living inclusively for centuries.

Eclectic architecture – combining historical heritage of the East and West with iconic contemporary buildings – makes Baku one of the most beautiful cities in the world. International hotels, exclusive shopping and excellent restaurants make it an attractive destination.

Baku is now established as a key city on the world stage. Open and tolerant, it is a global centre for intercultural dialogue and cooperation, regularly bringing together political, cultural and religious leaders from around the world. Baku is also the host of landmark international events such as the Eurovision Song Contest, the inaugural European Games, the Islamic Solidarity Games, Formula 1 and UEFA Euro 2020.

2. Proposed Site

Azerbaijan’s project for Baku Expo 2025 is to construct the site east of the city. Two hundred hectares of undeveloped land, set between two growing suburbs, would be transformed into a major extension of the city with a fully integrated transport infrastructure. It would be the world’s newest urban park; an authentic and natural location that is both a beautiful and attractive addition to Baku.

Reflecting the theme, “Developing Human Capital, Building a Better Future”, the site would create opportunities for individual thought, collective action and global interconnection.

From above, it would resemble an eight-pointed star – the national emblem of Azerbaijan. While the intricate, geometric patterns of Azerbaijan’s world-renowned carpets provide design inspiration for the plazas and leisure spaces. At the centre, an iconic building – the Azerbaijan National Pavilion – would be the main point of reference as visitors navigate through pavilions and parkland.

The Baku Expo 2025 site would be an illustration of the future function of urban spaces within the theme of “Developing Human Capital, Building a Better Future”, and a permanent legacy for residents and visitors to enjoy.

As part of that legacy, the site could be easily converted to a natural park at the end of the Expo. And the Azerbaijan National Pavilion would be transformed to house a permanent exhibition, educating visitors about the country’s achievements in economic, social and humanitarian fields since regaining independence in 1991.


1. Proposed Theme

The theme – “Developing Human Capital, Building a Better Future” – is of global importance. It aims to have an impact on every individual, in every society, in every country.

Human capital is humanity’s collective potential. The sum of its creativity and knowledge. Its talent and experience. Its ingenuity and promise.

Azerbaijan’s project for Expo 2025 is an exploration of how human ability, in all its forms, could be best applied across all aspects of society for the benefit of everyone.

The three sub-themes align with three United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. They are:

Talent: The Future of Education. The possibilities are endless, but only attainable with education, the nurturing of talent and an assimilation of skills. The project for Baku Expo 2025 is to enhance global understanding of how to maximise the potential of our human capital through education.

Vitality: The Future of Health. The ability to work and live a long, meaningful and healthy life is a fundamental human right and the foundation for the achievement of our potential. The project for Baku Expo 2025 is to provide a fresh perspective to the exploration of how the health component of human capital could be nurtured.

Achievement: The Future of Work. Human capital looks to the ultimate goal of productivity from a workforce. But how is productive work redefined in a world of automation and what does it mean for the future of employment? The project for Baku Expo 2025 is to bring rigour to the debate, testing how to achieve on a personal, community and, ultimately, a global level.

Baku, Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan’s bid is for a World Expo in the city of Baku between 10 May and 10 November 2025 under the theme “Developing human capital, building a better future”.

All information is provided by the candidate.